San Antonio-El Paso Road

Travel back in time on the San Antonio-El Paso Road

FORT DAVIS, TX – Discover a forgotten road. San Antonio-El Paso Road, also known as Lower Emigrant Road or Military Road, spreads 600 miles over West Texas. Planned by the army in 1849, it allowed wagons and settlers to trek over the Edwards Plateau and Trans-Pecos regions. It served as a mail route to San Diego and ended when railroads became the primary mode of transportation in 1882.

The road beckons. Today it lets tourists imagine the past while pondering the present by linking historical sites: Casa Navarro, Landmark Inn, Fort Lancaster, Fort Davis, and Magoffin Home. Visit


  1. Johnson, J. E.; Smith, W. F.; Bryan, F. T. & Whiting, W. H. C. Reconnaissances of Routes from San Antonio De Bexar El Paso Del Norte, &c. &c., map, 1849; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ( accessed April 1, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Hardin-Simmons University Library.
  2. United States Army. Corps Of Topographical Engineers, William H Emory, Robert McClelland, and Selmar Siebert. Boundary between the United States & Mexico agreed upon by the Joint Commission under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: surveyed in -53 under the direction of Bvt. Major W.H. Emory, Corps of Topographical Engineers, Chief Astronomer and Surveyor. Washington D.C.: Corps of Topographical Engineers, to 1853. Boston: F. Herbst & Thos. Jekyll, to 1853, 1852. Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, (Accessed April 01, 2018.)
  1. Dearen, Patrick. The Devils River : treacherous twin to the Pecos, 1535-1900. Fort Worth, Tex: TCU Press, 2011. Print.